Dr. Frederick A. Swarts is the New World Encyclopedia Life sciences editor. Dr. Swarts holds the post of Assistant Secretary-General for the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO), an international membership organization for non-profit organizations worldwide, with members in more than 140 nations. Dr. Swarts is President and Senior Research Scientist for Aquatic Ecology with the Waterland Research Institute for Water and Land Resources, a non-profit, inter-disciplinary, research, education, and conservation organization primarily active in the Paraguay River Basin in Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. He is an adjunct professor with the International College of the University of Bridgeport, teaching graduate level courses in sustainable development and research methods. He also serves as Academic Dean for Bridgeport International Academy. He has served as Secretary General of the World Conference on Preservation and Sustainable Development in the Pantanal (2000), and Secretary General of the International Conference on Agriculture and the Environment in the Paraguay River Basin (2001).
Dr. Swarts is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Bucknell University, with a B.S. in Biology, and a graduate degree in Zoology from Pennsylvania State University, specializing in aquatic ecology. His research endeavors include an extensive field study of brook trout in streams affected by acid-mine drainage in Pennsylvania and study of an exceptional tolerance of some tropical blackwater fish to low pH. He completed his doctoral studies at Columbia University Teacher’s College and the Graduate School of the Union Institute, graduating with a Ph.D. in Biology and Education from the latter institution. His dissertation research dealt with the presentation of evolution in secondary school textbooks of the United States, China, and the U.S.S.R. His interdisciplinary doctoral committee consisted of professors from Columbia University, Pennsylvania State University, Union Institute, and the University of North Carolina at Asheville.
Dr. Swarts is the editor of The Pantanal: Understanding and Preserving the World’s Largest Wetland] (Paragon House Publishers 2000), the most comprehensive, English-language text on the Pantanal region. He is also author of The Spiritual Code: The 12 Invisible Laws That Govern Our Universe (Hudson MacArthur Publishers 2000), and co-editor of Culture of Responsibility and the Role of NGOs (Paragon House Publishers 2003). He has published scholarly articles in the fields of aquatic ecology, environment, evolution, and education, including Ecology, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, and Transactions of the American Fisheries Society.
Among other experiences of note, Dr. Swarts gave the Keynote Address for the Society of Wetland Scientists 1999 Annual Conference, organized a panel on The World’s Fresh Water & Wetlands in the 21st Century, for the State of the World Forum 2000, New York, NY, and organized and headed a fact-finding tour of American and international authorities to the Pantanal area of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. He serves and has served on the board of directors of several non-profit organizations.