After the Nazi anti-semitic legislation forced her to resign from her teaching post, she was received into the Discalced Carmelite Order in 1934. As the Nazi campaign against the Jews intensified, she was secretly transferred to a convent in the Netherlands. Then, when the Nazis captured Holland, the Dutch Catholic Church denounced Nazi racism, and the Nazi regime reacted by ordering the arrest of all Catholics in Holland of Jewish descent, who had earlier been exempt from persecution. Stein was sent to Auschwitz and died with her fellow Jews on August 9, 1942. She was canonized as Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (her Carmelite monastic name) by Pope John Paul II in 1998. However, she is often referred to simply as "Saint Edith Stein."