Info:Did you know


Talmud

The Talmud contains the opinions of hundreds of rabbis, often including strong disagreements on many subjects. Like the Bible itself, it can be used to support varying positions on many subjects.

Novatianism

Novatian opposed Pope Cornelius for accepting lapsed Christians, and established himself as antipope

Gas chamber

The gas chamber was originally introduced to provide a more humane method of execution than hanging.

Lucien Levy-Bruhl

French anthropologist Lucien Lévy-Bruhl suggested that human beings use two kind of thinking: “mystical thinking” which was the essence of the "primitive mind" and rational thinking which is the hallmark of the "civilized mind"

Ivy League

The term "Ivy League" came from the ivy plants that cover many of these institutions' buildings

Military-industrial complex

The term "military-industrial complex" was first used publicly by Dwight D. Eisenhower in his farewell address on January 17, 1961

Bhumibol Adulyadej

Bhumibol Adulyadej, king for 70 years, had the longest reign in [[Thailand

Mythical creature

Mythical creatures are often chimeras, composed of parts of two or more animals

Dystopia

Dystopia refers to a place too bad to be practicable, the opposite of utopia which is too good

George Steinbrenner

George Steinbrenner changed the manager of the New York Yankees twenty times during his first twenty-three seasons.

Sylvia Plath

Sylvia Plath was the first poet to win a Pulitzer Prize posthumously, for The Collected Poems published almost twenty years after her death by suicide

Longhouse

Native American longhouses serve a symbolic as well as practical purpose

Forced labor

Slave trading, often referred to as "human trafficking," remains a major problem in the modern world.

Grand Ole Opry

In 1954 a teenage Elvis Presley made his first (and only) performance at the Grand Ole Opry

Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen was called the "Sibyl of the Rhine" because of her apocalyptic visions

Hammurabi

Hammurabi, first King of the Babylonian Empire, is best known for his laws - the Code of Hammurabi - which were inscribed on a large stele for all to see

Vedic Period

The Vedic Period refers to the time when the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, were being composed

Hermann Rorschach

Hermann Rorschach, inventor of the Rorschach inkblot personality test, was nicknamed "Klecks," meaning “inkblot,” because of his childhood interest in Klecksography, the making of fanciful inkblot pictures

Affirmative action

Some policies adopted as affirmative action, such as quotas for race or gender in college admissions, have been criticized as a form of reverse discrimination

Easter Island

Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, is famous for its massive stone sculptures known as "moai"

Joseph Campbell

Joseph Campbell's philosophy is often summarized by his phrase "Follow your bliss"

Vaishnavism

Vaishnavism differs from other traditions of Hinduism by recognizing Vishnu as the supreme deity

Space exploration

The first human being in space was Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in 1961 and the first person to set foot on the moon was American astronaut Neil Armstrong in 1969

First Lady of the United States

The original First Lady of the United States, Martha Washington, was often referred to as "Lady Washington"

Wellesley College

Wellesley College was founded by Pauline and Henry Fowle Durant to give women an opportunity for higher education

Big Ben

The nickname "Big Ben" refers to the largest bell in the Elizabeth Tower and not to the clock tower itself

Romanticism

Romanticism, popular from the late eighteenth century through the nineteenth century, emphasized emotion and imagination in contrast to reason that was the focus of the Enlightenment

Cartoon

The original meaning of "cartoon" comes from the Italian "cartone," meaning "big paper," and referred to a drawing made on paper as a full size study for artwork

Chinese dragon

Unlike the Western dragon of Europe that is representative of evil, the many Eastern versions of the dragon are powerful spiritual symbols, representing seasonal cycles and supernatural forces.

William Matthew Flinders Petrie

Despite lacking formal education Flinders Petrie pioneered systematic methods in archaeology and was the first to use seriation, a new method for establishing the chronology of a site

Feng-huang

Unlike the Phoenix of the Western World, the Feng-Huang is immortal without needing to go through a cycle of death and re-birth.

University of Tokyo

The University of Tokyo is commonly known as "Todai" in Japan, an abbreviation of the Japanese characters that make up "Tokyo Daigaku," the Japanese name of the University

Graham Greene

Graham Greene's intense focus on moral issues, politics, and religion, mixed with suspense and adventure, became the trademark of his popular novels.

French Revolution

The French Republican Calendar, created and implemented during the French Revolution, declared 1792 as "Year I" and had a ten-day week

Trickster

The trickster, a figure who plays tricks or disobeys rules of behavior, is an archetype appearing in many cultures

Symphony

The form that we now recognize as the symphony took shape in the early eighteenth century

Tina Turner

Tina Turner was born in Nutbush, Tennessee, a small rural community that she described in her 1973 hit song "Nutbush City Limits"

Jomo Kenyatta

Uhuru Kenyatta, son of the first president of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta, was elected fourth president in 2013

Mary I of Scotland

Mary, Queen of Scots became queen when she was six days old, and died by beheading, convicted of treason against England as part of a plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I

Mass

The British Empire was known as "the empire on which the sun never sets"