The Talmud contains the opinions of hundreds of rabbis, often including strong disagreements on many subjects. Like the Bible itself, it can be used to support varying positions on many subjects.
The gas chamber was originally introduced to provide a more humane method of execution
French anthropologist Lucien Lévy-Bruhl suggested that human beings use two kind of thinking: “mystical thinking” which was the essence of the "primitive mind" and rational thinking which is the hallmark of the "civilized mind"
The term "Ivy League" came from the ivy
plants that cover many of these institutions' buildings
The term "military-industrial complex" was first used publicly by Dwight D. Eisenhower
in his farewell address on January 17, 1961
Bhumibol Adulyadej, king for 70 years, had the longest reign in [[Thailand
Mythical creatures are often chimeras,
composed of parts of two or more animals
Dystopia refers to a place too bad to be practicable, the opposite of utopia
which is too good
George Steinbrenner changed the manager of the New York Yankees twenty times during his first twenty-three seasons.
Sylvia Plath was the first poet to win a Pulitzer Prize
posthumously, for The Collected Poems
published almost twenty years after her death by suicide
Slave trading, often referred to as "human trafficking
," remains a major problem in the modern world.
In 1954 a teenage Elvis Presley
made his first (and only) performance at the Grand Ole Opry
Hildegard of Bingen was called the "Sibyl of the Rhine" because of her apocalyptic visions
The Vedic Period refers to the time when the Vedas
, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism
, were being composed
Hermann Rorschach, inventor of the Rorschach inkblot personality test
, was nicknamed "Klecks," meaning “inkblot,” because of his childhood interest in Klecksography, the making of fanciful inkblot pictures
Some policies adopted as affirmative action, such as quotas for race or gender
admissions, have been criticized as a form of reverse discrimination
Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, is famous for its massive stone sculptures known as "moai
Joseph Campbell's philosophy is often summarized by his phrase "Follow your bliss"
Vaishnavism differs from other traditions of Hinduism
by recognizing Vishnu
as the supreme deity
The first human being in space was Russian
cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
in 1961 and the first person to set foot on the moon
astronaut Neil Armstrong in 1969
The original First Lady of the United States, Martha Washington
, was often referred to as "Lady Washington"
Wellesley College was founded by Pauline and Henry Fowle Durant to give women an opportunity for higher education
The nickname "Big Ben" refers to the largest bell in the Elizabeth Tower and not to the clock tower itself
Romanticism, popular from the late eighteenth century through the nineteenth century, emphasized emotion and imagination in contrast to reason
that was the focus of the Enlightenment
The original meaning of "cartoon" comes from the Italian "cartone," meaning "big paper," and referred to a drawing made on paper as a full size study for artwork
Unlike the Western dragon
of Europe that is representative of evil
, the many Eastern versions of the dragon are powerful spiritual symbols, representing seasonal cycles and supernatural forces.
Despite lacking formal education Flinders Petrie pioneered systematic methods in archaeology
and was the first to use seriation, a new method for establishing the chronology of a site
Unlike the Phoenix
of the Western World, the Feng-Huang is immortal without needing to go through a cycle of death
The University of Tokyo is commonly known as "Todai" in Japan
, an abbreviation of the Japanese characters that make up "Tokyo Daigaku," the Japanese name of the University
Graham Greene's intense focus on moral issues, politics, and religion, mixed with suspense and adventure, became the trademark of his popular novels.
The French Republican Calendar, created and implemented during the French Revolution, declared 1792 as "Year I" and had a ten-day week
The trickster, a figure who plays tricks or disobeys rules of behavior, is an archetype
appearing in many cultures
The form that we now recognize as the symphony took shape in the early eighteenth century
Tina Turner was born in Nutbush, Tennessee
, a small rural community that she described in her 1973 hit song "Nutbush City Limits"
Uhuru Kenyatta, son of the first president of Kenya
, Jomo Kenyatta, was elected fourth president in 2013
The British Empire was known as "the empire on which the sun never sets"